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Prevention and Early Detection of Prostate Cancer

 
Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer and third leading cause of cancer death among men in the developed world. A team of scientists led by Prof. Jack Cuzick, Director, Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine has reviewed the most up-to-date evidence regarding prostate cancer risk factors, early detection of prostate cancer, therapeutic prevention of prostate cancer, and methods for distinguishing aggressive prostate cancers from indolent ones. International experts from the UK, Europe, USA and Australasia formed the review panel, which also included Dr. Mangesh Thorat from the Centre for Cancer Prevention at the Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine. The diversity of the review panel is a unique feature of this work, it included clinicians, epidemiologists and investigators of major prostate cancer prevention/screening trials and epidemiological studies.

This review highlights the important approaches for early detection and prevention of prostate cancer. Specifically, it outlines the current status of prostate cancer risk prediction, strategies to improve early detection and screening, assesses effectiveness of therapeutic prevention, identifies the most robust prognostication tools in management of screen detected prostate cancer. One area of lively discussion was the current and potential value of PSA based screening for which there were a range of opinions. The paper also identifies the specific research questions that need to be addressed in each of these areas to move the field forward.

This review is published in October 2014 issue of the Lancet Oncology and it can be accessed at: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/article/PIIS1470-2045(14)70211-6/abstract 

Each of the important topics mentioned above have also been discussed in detail in the book titled “Prostate Cancer Prevention” edited by Prof. Cuzick and Dr. Thorat.
The book is available from the publisher Springer at:
http://www.springer.com/medicine/oncology/book/978-3-642-45194-2 or from other major retailers.
 
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